“Infertility” is a broad concept, however, and answering the specific “why” in your case will require looking a little deeper at the underlying factors. There are many medical conditions and diseases that can impact fertility in both Men and Women. It is important to know that you are not alone. Problems with fertility affect about one in six men and women of reproductive age. Contemporary infertility medicine has a good understanding of most of these conditions, and there are some highly effective treatments and interventions available which can help most couples eventually conceive.

Common causes of Male Infertility?

Azoospermia: Defined as the complete absence of sperm in the semen/ejaculate, azoospermia is a condition that affects about 5% of infertile men.

Oligospermia: Also known as a “low sperm count,” Oligospermia means that few sperm cells are found in the ejaculate. Again, it may mean that a few sperm is produced, or it could be caused by a partial blockage.

Congenital absence of the vas deferens: Sometimes the tubes that transport sperm to the penis for ejaculation fail to develop before birth.

Varicocele: These enlarged varicose veins in the scrotum can prevent normal function in a number of ways, affecting sperm production, quality, and transport.

Previous vasectomy: A man who has undergone a vasectomy who now wishes to conceive will need to have the procedure reversed.

Common causes of Female Infertility?

Age: A woman’s age has a huge impact on her ability to achieve a healthy and successful pregnancy. Some experts would consider this the single most important determining factor. Around age 35 a woman’s egg quality and quantity begin to decline rapidly.

Menstruation problems/Infrequent ovulation: An irregular cycle can have a drastic impact on a woman’s ability to conceive.

Endometriosis: This painful chronic disease affects more than 5.5 million women in North America. Endometriosis is when the endometrial tissue which lines the uterus is found growing outside the uterus These endometrial growths grow and bleed along with a woman’s menstrual cycle, causing pain and scarring.

Fallopian tube blockage/tubal disease: This issue is usually the result of Scarring. As mentioned, a condition like endometriosis can contribute to this issue.

Fibroids or polyps: These are benign growths in the uterus. While generally harmless to the health of the woman, they can end up blocking the fallopian tubes.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS): This common hormonal imbalance affects 5 million women in America. It affects the development and release of eggs from the ovaries, and when left untreated it can result in irregular periods and a lack of ovulation.

Premature Ovarian Failure (POF): This condition is diagnosed in women 40 years old or younger whose ovaries no longer function properly.

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